Paradoxical Effects of Social Behavior

Book Review: Paradoxical Effects of Social Behavior

As a book critic, I must say that Paradoxical Effects of Social Behavior by A. Diekmann and P. Mitter is an intellectually stimulating read. This book dives deep into the world of social behavior and explores the paradoxes that come along with it.

The authors meticulously analyze various social phenomena, such as cooperation and competition, to explore the unintended consequences of our actions. The writing is clear and concise, making complex concepts accessible to readers without a background in sociology or psychology.

One aspect

Paradoxical Effects of Social Behavior

publishedDate : 2012-12-06

authors : A. Diekmann, P. Mitter

publishers : Springer Science & Business Media

pageCount : 344

Paradoxical Effects of Social Behavior – Springer

Paradoxical Effects of Social Behavior Editors: Andreas Diekmann 0, Peter Mitter (Leiter) 1; Andreas Diekmann. Institut für Soziologie, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München, München 40, Germany … Book Title: Paradoxical Effects of Social Behavior . Book Subtitle: Essays in Honor of Anatol Rapoport. Editors: Andreas Diekmann, Peter Mitter.

Social Influence: Crash Course Psychology #38

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Paradoxical Effects Of Social Behavior


Paradoxical Effects Of Social Behavior

Author by : A. Diekmann
Languange Used : en
Release Date : 2012-12-06
Publisher by : Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN :

Description : In the history of science "paradoxes" are not only amusing puzzles and chal lenges to the human mind but also driving forces of scientific development. The notion of "paradox" is intimately related to the notion of "contradiction". Logi cal paradoxes allow for the derivation of contradictory propositions (e.g. "Rus sell's set of all sets not being members of themselves" or the ancient problem with propositions like "I am lying" 1), normative paradoxes deal with contradic tions among equally well accepted normative postulates (Arrow's "impossibility theorem", Sen's "Impossibility of a Paretian Liberal") and "factual" paradoxes refer to conflicts between conventional opinion based on an accepted empirical theory and contradictory empirical evidence (e.g. the "St. Petersburg paradox" or the "Allais paradox" in decision theory2). Paradoxes, either logical, normative or factual, also contradict our intui tions. The counter-intuitive property which seems to be a common feature of all paradoxes plays an important part in the empirical social sciences, particularly in the old research tradition of scrutinizing the unintended consequences of pur posive actions. Expectations based on naive theories ignoring interdependencies between individual actions are very often in conflict with "surprising" empirical evidence on collective results of social behavior. Examples are numerous reach ing from panic situations, the individual struggle for status gains resulting in collective deprivation, the less than optimal supply of collective goods etc. to global problems of the armament race and mismanagement of common resources....






Paradoxical Effects Of Social Behavior


Paradoxical Effects Of Social Behavior

Author by : Andreas Diekmann
Languange Used : en
Release Date : 1986
Publisher by : Physica

ISBN :

Description : In the history of science "paradoxes" are not only amusing puzzles and chal lenges to the human mind but also driving forces of scientific development. The notion of "paradox" is intimately related to the notion of "contradiction". Logi cal paradoxes allow for the derivation of contradictory propositions (e.g. "Rus sell's set of all sets not being members of themselves" or the ancient problem with propositions like "I am lying" 1), normative paradoxes deal with contradic tions among equally well accepted normative postulates (Arrow's "impossibility theorem", Sen's "Impossibility of a Paretian Liberal") and "factual" paradoxes refer to conflicts between conventional opinion based on an accepted empirical theory and contradictory empirical evidence (e.g. the "St. Petersburg paradox" or the "Allais paradox" in decision theory2). Paradoxes, either logical, normative or factual, also contradict our intui tions. The counter-intuitive property which seems to be a common feature of all paradoxes plays an important part in the empirical social sciences, particularly in the old research tradition of scrutinizing the unintended consequences of pur posive actions. Expectations based on naive theories ignoring interdependencies between individual actions are very often in conflict with "surprising" empirical evidence on collective results of social behavior. Examples are numerous reach ing from panic situations, the individual struggle for status gains resulting in collective deprivation, the less than optimal supply of collective goods etc. to global problems of the armament race and mismanagement of common resources....






Paradoxical Effects Of Social Behavior


Paradoxical Effects Of Social Behavior

Author by : A Diekmann
Languange Used : en
Release Date : 1986-01-01
Publisher by :

ISBN :

Description : ...






Paradox And Society


Paradox And Society

Author by : Louis Schneider
Languange Used : en
Release Date :
Publisher by : Transaction Publishers

ISBN :

Description : The writings of Bernard Mandeville mark an important transition between enlightenment, social philosophy, and modern science. Born in Holland in 1670 and educated as a physician, Mandeville spent the greater part of his working life in England, where he died in 1733. In some respects, Mandeville can be compared to Voltaire--Mandeville's junior by twenty-four years. Mandeville had the knack of making controversies volcanic and of arousing heated debate about any topic on which he chose to comment--and he chose to comment on virtually everything. He was especially1 interested in social evolution, morality and society, prostitution and romantic love, crime and its deterrence, and in social aspects of religion. His views on these and countless other topics cohere in his continual fascination with the consequences of social and economic actions that run counter to anticipations and intentions and in the paradoxical or ironic cast that such outcomes often have. In "Paradox and Society, "Louis Schneider is the first to offer a full consideration of Mandeville as a sociologist. Schneider offers an intellectual and characterological portrait of Mandeville, examining his writings and reactions to him over time. Schneider goes on to review Mandeville's theory of human nature, and explores his hotly contested notion of the paradox of private vices and public benefits--that the arousal of desires is a necessary precondition for the stimulation of social and economic development. Social action outside the marketplace, and Mandeville's problematic theory of social evolution, are next considered. The volume ends with an examination of paradox, irony, and satire in society. In this detailed analysis of one of the world's most controversial social critics, Schneider shows us that Mandeville offers a vision of human society that is of enduring significance. He challenges the reader to consider how that vision might operate in today's world....






Decision Theory And Decision Behaviour


Decision Theory And Decision Behaviour

Author by : Anatol Rapoport
Languange Used : en
Release Date : 2013-03-14
Publisher by : Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN :

Description : This book presents the content of a year's course in decision processes for third and fourth year students given at the University of Toronto. A principal theme of the book is the relationship between normative and descriptive decision theory. The distinction between the two approaches is not clear to everyone, yet it is of great importance. Normative decision theory addresses itself to the question of how people ought to make decisions in various types of situations, if they wish to be regarded (or to regard themselves) as 'rational'. Descriptive decision theory purports to describe how people actually make decisions in a variety of situations. Normative decision theory is much more formalized than descriptive theory. Especially in its advanced branches, normative theory makes use of mathematicallanguage, mode of discourse, and concepts. For this reason, the definitions of terms encountered in normative decision theory are precise, and its deductions are rigorous. Like the terms and assertions of other branches of mathematics, those of mathematically formalized decision theory need not refer to anything in the 'real', i. e. the observable, world. The terms and assertions can be interpreted in the context of models of real li fe situations, but the verisimilitude of the models is not important. They are meant to capture only the essentials of adecision situation, which in reallife may be obscured by complex details and ambiguities. It is these details and ambiguities, however, that may be crucial in determining the outcomes of the decisions....






Handbook Of Sociological Theory


Handbook Of Sociological Theory

Author by : Jonathan H. Turner
Languange Used : en
Release Date : 2006-11-22
Publisher by : Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN :

Description : This wide-ranging handbook presents in-depth discussions on the array of subspecialties that comprise the field of sociological theory. Prominent theorists working in a variety of traditions discuss methodologies and strategies; the cultural turn in sociological theorizing; interaction processes; theorizing from the systemic and macro level; new directions in evolutionary theorizing; power, conflict, and change; and theorizing from assumptions of rationality....






Machines That Become Us


Machines That Become Us

Author by : James Everett Katz
Languange Used : en
Release Date : 2002-12-31
Publisher by : Transaction Publishers

ISBN :

Description : Social critics and artificial intelligence experts have long prophesized that computers and robots would soon relegate humans to the dustbin of history. This volume explores the increasingly cozy relationship between people and their personal communication technologies....






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