The Psychology of Closed Mindedness

Book Review: The Psychology of Closed Mindedness

The Psychology of Closed Mindedness

The Psychology of Closed Mindedness

publishedDate : 2013-02-01

authors : Arie W. Kruglanski

publishers : Psychology Press

pageCount : 208

Article Related to “The Psychology of Closed Mindedness” Book :

The psychology of closed mindedness. – APA PsycNET

The psychology of closed mindedness . Psychology Press. Abstract. The phenomena of closed and open mindedness are at the heart of the interface between cognitive and social processes. Every intelligible judgment, decision, or action rests on a subjective knowledge base held with at least a minimal degree of confidence. Formation of such …

The Closed Mind | Psychology Today

The open-minded person is willing to explore his own mind and even find that he’s been wrong about something and self-correct. The closed -minded person is unwilling to do this. Being wrong is …

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The Psychology Of Closed Mindedness


The Psychology Of Closed Mindedness

Author by : Arie W. Kruglanski
Languange Used : en
Release Date : 2013-02-01
Publisher by : Psychology Press

ISBN :

Description : The fundamental phenomenon of human closed-mindedness is treated in this volume. Prior psychological treatments of closed-mindedness have typically approached it from a psychodynamic perspective and have viewed it in terms of individual pathology. By contrast, the present approach stresses the epistemic functionality of closed-mindedness and its essential role in judgement and decision-making. Far from being restricted to a select group of individuals suffering from an improper socialization, closed-mindedness is something we all experience on a daily basis. Such mundane situational conditions as time pressure, noise, fatigue, or alcoholic intoxication, for example, are all known to increase the difficulty of information processing, and may contribute to one's experienced need for nonspecific closure. Whether constituting a dimension of stable individual differences, or being engendered situationally - the need for closure, once aroused, is shown to produce the very same consequences. These fundamentally include the tendency to 'seize' on early, closure-affording 'evidence', and to 'freeze' upon it thus becoming impervious to subsequent, potentially important, information. Though such consequences form a part of the individual's personal experience, they have significant implications for interpersonal, group and inter-group phenomena as well. The present volume describes these in detail and grounds them in numerous research findings of theoretical and 'real world' relevance to a wide range of topics including stereotyping, empathy, communication, in-group favouritism and political conservatism. Throughout, a distinction is maintained between the need for a nonspecific closure (i.e., any closure as long as it is firm and definite) and needs for specific closures (i.e., for judgments whose particular contents are desired by an individual). Theory and research discussed in this book should be of interest to upper level undergraduates, graduate students and faculty in social, cognitive, and personality psychology as well as in sociology, political science and business administration....






Psychology Of Closed Mindedness


Psychology Of Closed Mindedness

Author by : Kruglanski
Languange Used : en
Release Date :
Publisher by :

ISBN :

Description : ...






The Great Mental Models Volume 1


The Great Mental Models Volume 1

Author by : Shane Parrish
Languange Used : en
Release Date : 2024-10-15
Publisher by : Penguin

ISBN :

Description : Discover the essential thinking tools you’ve been missing with The Great Mental Models series by Shane Parrish, New York Times bestselling author and the mind behind the acclaimed Farnam Street blog and “The Knowledge Project” podcast. This first book in the series is your guide to learning the crucial thinking tools nobody ever taught you. Time and time again, great thinkers such as Charlie Munger and Warren Buffett have credited their success to mental models–representations of how something works that can scale onto other fields. Mastering a small number of mental models enables you to rapidly grasp new information, identify patterns others miss, and avoid the common mistakes that hold people back. The Great Mental Models: Volume 1, General Thinking Concepts shows you how making a few tiny changes in the way you think can deliver big results. Drawing on examples from history, business, art, and science, this book details nine of the most versatile, all-purpose mental models you can use right away to improve your decision making and productivity. This book will teach you how to: Avoid blind spots when looking at problems. Find non-obvious solutions. Anticipate and achieve desired outcomes. Play to your strengths, avoid your weaknesses, … and more. The Great Mental Models series demystifies once elusive concepts and illuminates rich knowledge that traditional education overlooks. This series is the most comprehensive and accessible guide on using mental models to better understand our world, solve problems, and gain an advantage....






The Myth Of The Closed Mind


The Myth Of The Closed Mind

Author by : Ray Scott Percival
Languange Used : en
Release Date : 2012
Publisher by : Open Court Publishing

ISBN :

Description : Religious zeal, suicide terrorism, passionate commitment to ideologies, and the results of various psychological tests are often cited to show that humans are fundamentally irrational. The author examines all such supposed examples of irrationality and argues that they are compatible with rationality. Rationality does not mean absence of error, but the possibility of correcting error in the light of criticism. In this sense, all human beliefs are rational: they are all vulnerable to being abandoned when shown to be faulty....






The Psychology Of Tolerance In Times Of Uncertainty


The Psychology Of Tolerance In Times Of Uncertainty

Author by : Malgorzata Kossowska
Languange Used : en
Release Date : 2020-04-17
Publisher by : Routledge

ISBN :

Description : This unique book lays out the motivational basis for tolerance, the most important underlying factor that shapes people’s social attitudes and determines our ability to get along with others. Closed- or open-mindedness distinguishes people open to information and new ideas, prepared to change their views, from people who are rigidly attached to their convictions and resistant to the unknown. Demonstrating how the mechanism underlying closed-mindedness is rooted in uncertainty and fear, with the fundamental consequence of closed-mindedness being intolerance, the author shows how basic features of human psychology drive large-scale socio-political developments that determine the fate of peoples and nations. Kossowska argues that recent political events across Europe, including the popularity and rise of extreme right-wing groups, are no longer adequately explained by traditional distinctions like people versus the elite, religion versus no religion, left versus right. Exploring how this can provide knowledge to increase the capability of people, groups, or societies to improve their lives in an era of uncertainty created by economic and political turmoil, the book also focuses on discussing ways to make people more open, thus tolerant. Written from a psychological perspective, this is an ideal resource for students and academics in psychology and social and political science, as well as anybody interested in understanding psychological mechanisms of intolerance....






The Relationship Between Open Closed Mindedness Anxiety About Time And Fathers Accuracy In Perceiving These Attitudes In Their Children


The Relationship Between Open Closed Mindedness Anxiety About Time And Fathers Accuracy In Perceiving These Attitudes In Their Children

Author by : Suzanne Wert Goren
Languange Used : en
Release Date : 1977
Publisher by :

ISBN :

Description : ...






Open And Closed Mindedness Locus Of Justification And Level Of Commitment To Engage In Counterattitudinal Communication Behavior


Open And Closed Mindedness Locus Of Justification And Level Of Commitment To Engage In Counterattitudinal Communication Behavior

Author by : Elliot R. Siegal
Languange Used : en
Release Date : 1969
Publisher by :

ISBN :

Description : ...






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